Perceptions on Blended Learning in Higher Education among Academics and Learners in SEGI College Penang, Malaysia

Krishnamoorthy Kumarasamy, Kalaivani Kalimuthu, Mahalecumy Narayanansamy

Abstract


This paper serves as an exploration into finding the perceptions of students and academics on blended learning approach over a course, also to identify the perceived benefits, challenges and limitations in teaching and learning among students and academics. To examine the students’ and academics’ perceptions, this paper has used mixed methodology of questionnaire to the students and structured interview survey to the academics. Both data was analysed at the end of the course after all the content, assessment strategies and learning processes taken place with blended approach. Results indicated that the students’ perceptions are more likely to show positive association towards blended learning approach with some concerns on the format of blended learning approach.  Likewise, the academics who have carried blended learning approach into their teaching have shown similar association. Besides that, the academics also shared their insights on the benefits, challenges and limitations respectively towards blended learning approach.


Keywords


blended learning approach; perceptions; perceived benefits; limitations and challenges

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akyol, Z. and Garrison, D.R. (2011) ‘Understanding cognitive presence in an online and blended community of inquiry: Assessing outcomes and processes for deep approaches to learning.’ British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(2), 233-250. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/229674424_Understanding_cognitive_presence_in_an_online_and_blended_community_of_inquiry_Assessing_outcomes_and_processes_for_deep_approaches_to_learning (Accessed: 7 April 2019).

Alshwiah, A.A.S., 2009. The Effects of a Blended Learning Strategy in Teaching Vocabulary on Premedical Students' Achievement, Satisfaction and Attitude toward English Language. Online Submission. Available at: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED506107.pdf (Accessed: 7 April 2019).

Arbaugh, J.B. (2014) ‘What Might Online Delivery Teach Us About Blended Management Education? Prior Perspectives and Future Directions.’ Journal of Management Education, 38(6), 784-817 Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274970496_What_Might_Online_Delivery_Teach_Us_About_Blended_Management_Education_Prior_Perspectives_and_Future_Directions (Accessed: 2 April 2019).

Boelens, R., Van Laer, S., De Wever, B. and Elen, J. (2015) Blended Learning in Adult Education: Towards a Definition of Blended Learning Adult Learners Online. Available at: https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/6905076/file/6905079 (Accessed: 10 April 2019).

Buitrago, C.R. (2013) ‘Identifying training needs of novice online English language tutors.’ Gist Education and Learning Research Journal, 7, 134-153. Available at: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=4709215 (Accessed: 10 April 2019).

Chang, C.C., Shu, K.M., Liang, C., Tseng, J.S. and Hsu, Y.S., 2014. Is blended e-learning as measured by an achievement test and self-assessment better than traditional classroom learning for vocational high school students?. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(2), pp.213-231. . Available at: https://www.erudit.org/fr/revues/irrodl/2014-v15-n2-irrodl04928/1065293ar/ (Accessed: 10 April 2019).

Chen, W.S. and Yao, A.Y.T. (2016) ‘An empirical evaluation of critical factors influencing learner satisfaction in blended learning: A pilot study.’ Universal Journal of Educational Research, 4(7), 1667-1671. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309713877_An_Empirical_Evaluation_of_Critical_Factors_Influencing_Learner_Satisfaction_in_Blended_Learning_A_Pilot_Study (Accessed: 3 April 2019).

Chew, E., Turner, D.A. and Jones, N. (2010) ‘In love and war: Blended learning theories for computer scientist and educationalists.’ In: Wang, F.L., Fong, J. and Kwan, R. (eds.) The handbook of research on hybrid learning models: Advanced tools, technologies, and applications. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. 1-23. Available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ab3e/a983c29aa619add1e0b4e27296444ac9c4ae.pdf?_ga=2.185343977.1159141318.1590034054-1490184801.1588908924 (Accessed: 11 April 2019).

Dziuban, C.D., Moskal, P. and Hartman, J., 2005. Higher education, blended learning, and the generations: Knowledge is power-No more. Elements of quality online education: Engaging communities. Needham, MA: Sloan Center for Online Education, pp.88-89. Available at: https://desarrollodocente.uc.cl/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Knowledge_is_power_no_more.pdf (Accessed: 11 April 2019).

Edginton, A. and Holbrook, J. (2010) ‘A blended learning approach to teaching basic pharmacokinetics and the significance of face-to-face interaction.’ American journal of pharmaceutical education, 74(5), 88. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2907853/ (Accessed: 11 April 2019).

González-Gómez, D., Jeong, J.S. and Rodríguez, D.A. (2016) ‘Performance and perception in the flipped learning model: an initial approach to evaluate the effectiveness of a new teaching methodology in a general science classroom.’ Journal of Science Education and Technology, 25(3), 450-459. Available at: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=wLwNtlsAAAAJ&hl=en#d=gs_md_cita-d&u=%2Fcitations%3Fview_op%3Dview_citation%26hl%3Den%26user%3DwLwNtlsAAAAJ%26citation_for_view%3DwLwNtlsAAAAJ%3AZph67rFs4hoC%26tzom%3D-480 (Accessed: 4 April 2019).

Isiguzel, B. (2014) ‘The blended learning environment on the foreign language learning process: A balance for motivation and achievement.’ Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 15(3), 108-121. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276839666_The_Blended_Learning_Environment_On_The_Foreign_Language_Learning_Process_A_Balance_For_Motivation_And_Achievement (Accessed: 10 April 2019).

Kosar, G. (2016) ‘A Study of EFL Instructors’ Perceptions of Blended Learning.’ Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 232, 736-744. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309329622_A_Study_of_EFL_Instructors_Perceptions_of_Blended_Learning (Accessed: 10 April 2019).

Güzer, B. and Caner, H. (2014) ‘The past, present and future of blended learning: an in depth analysis of literature.’ Procedia - social and behavioral sciences, 116, 4596-4603. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/275543451_The_Past_Present_and_Future_of_Blended_Learning_An_in_Depth_Analysis_of_Literature (Accessed: 11 April 2019).

Gyamfi, S. and Gyaase, P. (2015) ‘Students’ perception of blended learning environment: a case study of the University of Education, Winneba, Kumasi-Campus, Ghana.’ International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, 11(1). Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276951185_Students'_perception_of_blended_learning_environment_A_case_study_of_the_University_of_Education_Winneba_Kumasi-Campus_Ghana (Accessed: 29 March 2019).

Haron, H., Abbas, W.F. and Rahman, N.A.A. (2012) ‘The Adoption of Blended Learning among Malaysian Academicians.’ Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 67, 175-181. Available at: https://cyberleninka.org/article/n/305504/viewer (Accessed: 9 April 2019).

Lightbown, P.M. and Spada, N., 2013. How languages are learned 4th edition-Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers. Oxford university press. ISBN:9780194541268

Lim, T., Fadzil, M. and Mansor, N. (2011) ‘Mobile learning via SMS at Open University Malaysia: Equitable, effective, and Sustainable.’ International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(2), 122-137. Available at: http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/926/1791 (Accessed: 11 April 2019).

Marsh, D. (2012) Blended learning: Creating learning opportunities for language learners. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-1-107-91697:

Maznah, R. and Hussain, R., 2004. E-learning in higher education institutions in malaysia. E-mento, 5(7), pp.72-75. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242163255_eLearning_in_Higher_Education_Institutions_in_Malaysia (Accessed: 12 April 2019).

Nizkodubov, G.A. and Evseeva, A.M. (2015) ‘Planning and Implementation of the Process Aimed at Teaching English to Adult Learners.’ Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(2), 643-647. Available at: https://www.mcser.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/5856/5641 (Accessed: 12 April 2019).

Osgerby, J. (2013) ‘Students' perceptions of the introduction of a blended learning environment: An exploratory case study.’ Accounting Education, 22(1), 85-99. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327093973_The_Students'_Perceptions_on_Blended_Learning_A_Q_Method_Analysis (Accessed: 10 April 2019).

Özel, A.G. and Arikan, A. (2015) ‘The use of the internet and web 2.0 tools among EFL instructors.’ Mediterranean Journal of Humanities, 1, 313-325. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/34030241/The_Use_of_the_Internet_and_Web_2.0_Tools_among_EFL_Instructors_%C4%B0ngilizce_Okutmanlar%C4%B1n%C4%B1n_Web_2.0_Ara%C3%A7lar%C4%B1_ve_%C4%B0nternet_Kullan%C4%B1mlar%C4%B1 (Accessed: 12 April 2019).

Ramnanan, C.J. and Pound, L.D. (2017) ‘Advances in medical education and practice: student perceptions of the flipped classroom.’ Advances in medical education and practice, 8, 63. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316885931_Advances_in_medical_education_and_practice_student_perceptions_of_the_flipped_classroom(Accessed: 2 April 2019).

Rodriguez, M.A. and Anicete, R.C.R. (2010) ‘Students’ views of a mixed hybrid ecology course.’ MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 6(4), 791-798. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276951185_Students%27_perception_of_blended_learning_environment_A_case_study_of_the_University_of_Education_Winneba_Kumasi-Campus_Ghana(Accessed: 12 April 2019).

Satar, H.M. and Akcan, S. (2014) ‘Pre-service language teachers’ reflections on the implementation of a blended-learning environment.’ Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 5(3), 42-62. Available at: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tojqi/issue/21404/229411?publisher=tojqi (Accessed: 13 April 2019).

Singh, H. (2003) ‘Building effective blended learning programs.’ Educational Technology – Saddle Brook (then Englewood Cliffs), NJ, 43(6), 51-54. Available at: http://asianvu.com/digital-library/elearning/blended-learning-by_Singh.pdf (Accessed: 10 April 2019).

Tosun, S. (2015) ‘The effects of blended learning on EFL students’ vocabulary enhancement.’ Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 199, 641-647. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283165305_The_Effects_of_Blended_Learning_on_EFL_Students'_Vocabulary_Enhancement (Accessed: 12 April 2019).

Yigit, T., Koyun, A., Yuksel, A. and Cankaya, I. (2013) ‘Evaluation of Blended Learning Approach in Computer Engineering Education.’ Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 141, 807-812. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266208637_Evaluation_of_Blended_Learning_Approach_in_Computer_Engineering_Education (Accessed: 10 April 2019).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21100/compass.v13i2.1061

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.