Recapping: effective pedagogy to ensure inclusivity and optimise learning and teaching experiences

Duyen Chu, Hien Nguyen


Recaps have long been used in the media industry, where they have been found to be effective in supporting viewers’ understanding and recall of information. More recently, recaps have been explored in educational settings. This study examines whether recapping can support inclusivity and help to optimise learning and teaching experiences in the context of a business school in a widening participation university. We applied a mixed-method approach to collect data from both students and instructors. We used questionnaires to capture quantitatively their perceptions about recapping and semi-structured interviews to explore their opinions in more depth. Our findings indicate that recapping is perceived as an effective pedagogical approach that can improve learning experience of students, teaching experience of teachers and ensure a more inclusive environment. The research makes both theoretical and methodological contributions to the literature.


Dynamic use of recap, Learning and Teaching Experiences, Optimisation, Business and Management Education, Pedagogy, Learning and Memory

Full Text:



Bernard, R.M. and Coldevin, G.O. (1985) ‘Effects of recap strategies on television news recall and retention.’ Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 29, 407-419. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Bothe, M., Renz, J. and Meinel, C. (2020) ‘On the Acceptance and Effects of Recapping Self-Test Questions in MOOCs.’ 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON), 978-1-7281-0930-5/20. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Braun, V. and Clarke, V. (2006) ‘Using thematic analysis in psychology.’ Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Dart, S. (2020) Khan-Style Video Engagement in Undergraduate Engineering: Influence of Video Duration, Content Type and Course. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education (AAEE 2020) Sydney: Engineers Australia. ISBN: 975-1-192-12562-5

DesJardins, J.R. and Diedrich, E. (2003) ‘Learning What It Really Costs: Teaching Business Ethics With Life-Cycle Case Studies.’ Journal of Business Ethics 48, 33-42. Available at (Accessed: 15 July 2022).

Dockter, D.L. (2012) ‘Problem-Based Learning In Accounting.’ American Journal of Business Education (AJBE), 5(5), 547-554. Available at: (Accessed: 15 July 2022.

Gerhard, M.E. (1992) ‘Effects of Headlines and Recaps on Radio News Learning.’ Journal of Radio Studies, 1(1-2), 37-42. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Gunter, B. (2015) ‘Do We Need to Receive Television News More Than Once?’ In: The Cognitive Impact of Television News. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Laditka, S.B. and Houck, M.M. (2006) ‘Student-Developed Case Studies: An Experiential Approach for Teaching Ethics in Management.’ J Bus Ethics 64, 157-167. Available at: (Accessed: 15 July 2022).

Lowe, D. (2016) ‘Remembrance of Philosophy Classes Past: Why Cognitive Science Suggests that a Brief Recap Is the Best Way to Start Each Class Day.’ Teaching Philosophy, 39(3), 279-289. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Maxwell, N.L., Mergendoller, J.R. and Bellisimo, Y. (2004) ‘Developing a problem-based learning simulation: An economics unit on trade.’ Simulation & Gaming, 35(4), 488-498. Available at: (Accessed: 15 July 2022).

McAlister, J. (2021) ‘The TV recap as paratext: Energizing, contextualizing, and modifying.’ Communication Cultural Studies. ISSN: 2200-467X; 1329-878X. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).

Olarewaju, O., Kokkinakis, A.V., Demediuk, S., Roberstson, J., Nölle, I., Patra, S., Slawson, D., Chitayat, A.P., Coates, A., Kirman, B., Drachen, A., Ursu, M., Block, F. and Hook, J. (2020) ‘Automatic Generation of Text for Match Recaps using ESport Caster Commentaries.’ Computer Science and Information Technology, 12 (2), 117-131. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).

Perloff, R.M., Wartella E.A., Becker, L.B. (1982) Increasing Learning from TV News. Journalism Quarterly, 1982;59(1):83-86. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Petruska, K. (2019) ‘The Recappables: Exploring a Feminist Approach to Criticism.’ Communication, Culture and Critique, 12(2), 173-193. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).

Rowland, C.A. (2014) ‘The effect of testing versus restudy on retention: A meta-analytic review of the testing effect.’ Psychological Bulletin, 140(6), 1432-1463. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).

Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2016) Research Methods for Business Students. Essex: Pearson. ISBN:978-1-292-01662-7

Son, J., Reese, S.D. and Davie, W.R. (1987) ‘Effects of Visual-Verbal Redundancy and Recaps on Television News Learning.’ Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 31(2), 207-216. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).

Stavnezer, A.J. and Lom, B. (2019) ‘Student-led Recaps and Retrieval Practice: A Simple Classroom Activity Emphasizing Effective Learning Strategies.’ Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education, 18(1), A1-A14. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Taber, K. S. (2018) ‘Scaffolding learning: principles for effective teaching and the design of classroom resources.’ In: Abend, M. (ed.), Effective Teaching and Learning: Perspectives, strategies and implementation. New York: Nova Science Publishers, (1-43). ISBN: 978-1-53613-943-3

Toppino, T.C. and Cohen, M.S. (2009) ‘The testing effect and the retention interval: Questions and answers.’ Experimental Psychology, 56(4), 252-257. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).

Wyse, S.A. (2014) The 4-Minute Summary: Helping students recall, recap and explain the big picture... and much more! Course Source. Available at: (Accessed: 18 November 2020).

Yang, B.W., Razo, J. and Persky, A.M. (2019) ‘Using Testing as a Learning Tool.’ American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 2019; 83(9) Article 7324. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).

Yang, C., Luo, L., Vadillo, M A., Yu, R. and Shanks, D.R. (2021) ‘Testing (Quizzing) Boosts Classroom Learning: A Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review.’ Psychological Bulletin. Available at: (Accessed: 25 November 2020).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Compass: Journal of Learning and Teaching

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.