Supporting eLearners by increasing Digital Literacy Skills in Healthcare Educators
This paper presents a case study detailing the author’s involvement in a teacher training module designed to improve healthcare educators’ scope for delivering e-learning elements within their curricula. The best method for enhancing teacher understanding of how students experience learning in the online environment is by first allowing teachers to experience the process themselves from a student perspective. It is proposed that such exposure will allow teachers to gain greater insight into the potential benefits and pitfalls of online delivery and apply the knowledge gained to their own practice. Teachers from a wide range of healthcare specialities engaged in discussion forums and gained practice in new and varied methods of e-learning, discovering how they could be blended with traditional classroom based delivery to achieve a diverse range of learning outcomes. It was found that the inter-disciplinary representation on the module created a potent mix of experience and viewpoints that greatly contributed to the overall learning environment. The cohort of 12 included adult and children branch nursing (hospital and community based), midwifery, allied health, and a member of the e-learning support team.
Ardichvili, A., Page, V. and Wentling, T. (2003) ‘Motivation and barriers to participation in virtual communities of practice.’ Journal of Knowledge Management, 7 (1), 64-77.
Ardichvili, A., Maurer, M., Li, W., Wentling, T. and Stuedemann, R. (2006) ‘Cultural influences on knowledge sharing through online communities of practice.’ Journal of Knowledge Management, 10 (1), 94-107.
Bali, M. and Honeychurch, S. (2014) ‘Key pedagogic thinkers – Dave Cormier.’ Journal of Pedagogic Development, 4 (3), 2047-3257.
Bassett, M. (2015) ‘Designing for “Flexibility”. Connecting or constructing academic literacies on Facebook.’ In T. Reiners, B. et al. (eds.) Globally connected, digitally enabled. Proceedings ascilite 2015 in Perth, DP:8-DP:12.
Beetham, H. and Sharpe, R. (2013) Rethinking Pedagogy for a Digital Age: Designing for 21st Century Learning. New York: Routledge.
Biggs, J. and Tang, C. (2011) Teaching for Quality Learning at University. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Bull, A. and Gilbert, J. (2012) Swimming Out of Our Depth? Leading Learning in 21st Century Schools. Wellington: New Zealand Council for Educational Research.
Button, B., Harrington, A. and Belan, I. (2014) ‘E-learning and information communication technology (ICT) in nursing education: A review of the literature.’ Nurse Education Today, 34, 1311-1323.
Chang, H. (2012) ‘The development of a learning community in an e-learning environment.’ International Journal of Pedagogies and Learning, 7 (2), 154-161.
Churches (2009) Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy: It’s not about the tools, it’s using the tools to facilitate learning. Available at:
https://edorigami.wikispaces.com/file/view/bloom%27s%20Digital%20taxonomy%20v3.01.pdf/65720266/bloom%27s%20Digital%20taxonomy%20v3.01.pdf (Accessed, 20 April 2016).
Clark, R. and Mayer, R. (2011) E-learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.
Cochrane, T., Antonczac, L., Gordon, A., Sissons, H. and Withell, A. (2012) ‘Heutagogy and mobile social media: post Web 2.0 pedagogy.’ In Brown, M. et al. (eds.) Future Challenges, Sustainable Futures. In Proceedings Ascilite Wellington 2012, 204-214.
Corneli, J. and Danoff, C. (2011). ‘Paragogy.’ Proceedings of the 6th Open Knowledge Conference, Berlin, Germany. Available at:
http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-739/paper_5.pdf (Accessed 14 March 2016).
DOH (2011) A Framework for Technology Enhanced learning. Department of Health. Available at:
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/215316/dh_131061.pdf (Accessed 3 March 2016).
Gretton, C. and Honeyman, M. (2016) The digital revolution: eight technologies that will change health and care. The King’s Fund. Available at:
http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/articles/eight-technologies-will-change-health-and-care (Accessed 9 May 2016).
Hubbard, R. (2013) The Really Useful eLearning Instruction Manual. Chichester: Wiley.
Janssen, J., Erkens, G., Kirschner, P. and Kanselaar, G. (2012) ‘Task-related and social regulation during online collaborative learning.’ Metacognition Learning, 7, 25-43.
Jarvis, P. (1995) Adult and Continuing Education: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.
Jeremic, Z., Milikic, N., Jovanovic, J., Brkovic, M. and Radulovic, F. (2012) ‘Using online presence to improve online collaborative learning.’ International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 7. Available at:
https://www.learntechlib.org/p/44965 (Accessed 17 April 2016).
JISC (2014) Quick guide – Developing students’ digital literacy. Available at:
https://digitalcapability.jiscinvolve.org/wp/files/2014/09/JISC_REPORT_Digital_Literacies_280714_PRINT.pdf (Accessed 17 April 2016).
Jones, C., Ramanau, R., Cross, S. and Healing, G. (2010) ‘Net generation of digital natives: Is there a distinct new generation entering university?’ Computers and Education, 54, 722-732.
Keengwe, J., Onchwari, G. and Agamba, J. (2014) ‘Promoting effective e-learning practices through the constructivist pedagogy.’ Education and Information Technologies, 19 (4), 887-898.
Margaryan, A., Littlejohn, A. and Vojt, G. (2011) ‘Are digital natives a myth or reality? University students’ use of digital technologies.’ Computers and Education, 56, 429-440.
Maslow, A. (1987) Motivation and Personality. New York: Addison Wesley Longman.
Mckenna, K., Green, A. and Gleason, M. (2002) ‘Relationship formation on the intranet: What’s the big attraction?’ Journal of Social Issues, 58 (1), 9-31.
Moore, T. (2015) Redefining Interactivity in E-Learning. Online graduate paper. Tuscon: The University of Arizona. Available at:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/556210 (Accessed 10 May 2016).
Naidu, S. (2006) E-learning: A Guidebook of Principles, Procedures, and Practices. New Dehli: Commonwealth Educational Media centre for Asia.
Oztok, M., Zingaro, D., Brett, C. and Hewitt, J. (2013) ‘Exploring asynchronous and synchronous tool use in online courses.’ Computers and Education, 60 (1), 87-94.
Pan, Y., Xu, Y., Wang, X., Zhang, C., Ling, H. and Lin, J. (2015) ‘Integrating social networking for dyadic knowledge exchange: A study in a virtual community of practice.’ Information and Management, 52, 61-70.
Panitz, T. (1999) Collaborative versus cooperative learning: A Comparison of the Two Concepts Which Will Help Us Understand the Underlying Nature of Interactive Learning. Available at:
http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED448443.pdf (Accessed 20 March 2016).
Prensky, M. (2001) ‘Digital natives, digital immigrants part 1.’ On the Horizon, 9 (5), 1-6.
Pritchard, A. (2014) Ways of Learning: Learning Theories and Learning Styles in the Classroom. London: Routledge.
Rosciano, A. (2015) The effectiveness of mind mapping as an active learning strategy among associate degree nursing students. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 10, 93-99.
Salmon, G. (no date) The Five Stage Model. Available at:
http://www.gillysalmon.com/five-stage-model.html (Accessed 4 May 2016).
Shemberger, M. and Wright , L. (2014) ‘Exploring the use of digital media as a digital study guide.’ Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Education, 3 (1), 60-75.
Tseng, H. and Yeh, H. (2013) ‘Team members’ perceptions of online teamwork learning experiences and building teamwork trust: a qualitative study.’ Computers and Education, 63, 1-9.
Vakoufari, M., Christina, A. and Mavroidis, I. (2014) ‘Self-esteem and loneliness as factors effecting distance learning students.’ European Journal of Open, Distance and e-learning, 17 (2). Available at:
(Accessed 3 April 2016).
Valtonen, T., Dillon, P., Hacklin, S. and Vaisanen, P. (2010) ‘Net generation at social software: challenging assumptions, clarifying relationships and raising implications for learning.’ International Journal of Educational Research, 49, 210-219.
Wenger, E. (2006). Communities of practice: a brief introduction.
http://wenger-trayner.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/06-Brief-introduction-to-communities-of-practice.pdf (Accessed 3 April 2016).
Zembylas, M., Theodoroub, M. and Pavlakisb, A. (2008) ‘The role of emotions in the experience of online learning: challenges and opportunities.’ Educational Media International, 45 (2), 107-117.
- There are currently no refbacks.