How did the work impact me? Reflections of the researchers and facilitators of BME success projects

Helen Catherine Barefoot, Nathan Ghann, Judy St John, Amanda Yip

Abstract


Programme leaders and members of programme teams attended inclusive teaching workshops focused on race equality. After the workshops, programme leaders were interviewed to discuss how they were going to implement inclusive practice enhancements. The core team who facilitated the workshops and conducted the interviews reflected on their experiences of leading change associated with reducing the BME attainment gap. Considering a critical incident which theyd experienced during the workshop or during the interviews, they each wrote personal narratives to explore emotions which the incident had stimulated as well as consideration of how theyd responded at the time and what they could have done differently. The four narratives were considered to identify key themes. Two common themes identified were the stimulation of negative emotions (e.g. anger) and the inability to challenge comments and stereotyping assumptions at the time of the incident. Considering the results in light of literature associated with staff development, the use of personal narrative and leading diversity related change, in addition to autoethnographical thoughts associated with the authors own experiences of race, racism and privilege, five recommendations for colleagues involved in race-related staff development were identified.


Keywords


BME; Narrative; Critical Incident

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, S. (2012) On Being Included. Racism and Diversity in Institutional Life.

Durham: Duke University Press. ISBN: 0822395320

Amobi, F.A. (2007) ‘The Message or the Messenger: Reflection on the Volatility of Evoking Novice Teachers' Courageous Conversations on Race.’ Multicultural Education, 14(3), 2-7. Available at: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ762415 (Accessed: 1 August 2018).

Baldridge, J.V. (1971) Power and conflict in the university. New York: John Wiley. ISBN: 0471045748.

Barefoot, H.C. (2012) University of Hertfordshire Curriculum Design Toolkit. Available at: https://prezi.com/cibiptp5pa3d/curriculum-design-toolkit/ (Accessed: 1 August 2018).

Barefoot, H.C., St John, J. and Yip, A. (2018) Academic Leadership at the programme level to address the BME attainment gap. Leadership Foundation for Higher Education. Available at: https://www.lfhe.ac.uk/en/research-resources/research-hub/small-development-projects/sdp2017/hertfordshire-po.cfm (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Berry, J. and Loke, G. (2011) HEA/ECU BME summit report. Available at: http://www.ecu.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/external/improving-degree-attainment-bme.pdf (Accessed: 21 December 2017).

Blackmore, P., Stainton, C. and Wilson, A. (2003) ‘Developing and Testing a Methodology for Analysis of the Staff Development Leadership Role.’ Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 8(2) 249-263. Available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13596740300200152 (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Broecke, S. and Nicholls, T. (2007) Ethnicity and Degree Attainment. Department of Education and Skills Research Report No. RW92. Available at: https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/standard/publicationDetail/Page1/RW92 (Accessed: 21 December 2017).

Brookfield, S. (2016) ‘Using Narrative and Team-Teaching to Address Teaching About Racial Dynamics.’ In: Scott, C. and Sims, J. (eds.) Developing Workforce Diversity Programs, Curriculum and Degrees in Higher Education. Pennsylvania: IGI Publishing, 98-116. ISBN: 1522502092

Cohen, M.D. and March, J.G. (1974) Leadership and ambiguity: The American college president. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. ISBN: 0875841317.

Dovidio, J.F., Gaertner, S.L., Stewart, T.L., Esses, V.M. and ten Vergert, M. (2004) ‘From intervention to outcomes: Processes in the reduction of bias.’ In: Stephan, W.G. and Vogt, P. (eds.) Education programs for improving intergroup relations: Theory, research, and practice. New York: Teachers College Press, 243-265. ISBN: 080774459X.

Eddo-Lodge, R. (2014) ‘Why I’m no longer talking to white people about race.’ (Blog post) Available at: http://renieddolodge.co.uk/why-im-no-longer-talking-to-white-people-about-race/ (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Eddo-Lodge, R. (2017) Why I’m no longer talking to white people about race. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN: 140887055X.

Elliott, J. (2017) ‘Brown eyes blue eyes.’ Available at: https://janeelliott.com/ (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Ellis, C. and Bochner, A.P. (2000) ‘Autoethnography, personal narrative, reflexivity: Researcher as subject.’ In: Denzin, N.K and Lincoln, Y.S. (eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Research. London: Sage, 733-768. ISBN: 0761915125.

Equality Act (2010) Available at: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/15/contents (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Equality Challenge Unit (2017) Equality in higher education: students statistical report 2016. Available at: https://www.ecu.ac.uk/guidance-resources/using-data-and-evidence/statistics-report/ (Accessed: 21 December 2017).

Equality Challenge Unit (2018) Using data and evidence. Available at: https://www.ecu.ac.uk/guidance-resources/using-data-and-evidence/ (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Kezar, A. (2008) ‘Understanding Leadership Strategies for Addressing the Politics of Diversity.’ The Journal of Higher Education, 79(4), 406-441. Available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00221546.2008.11772109 (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Kohli, R. (2008) ‘Breaking the Cycle of Racism in the Classroom: Critical Race Reflections from Future Teachers of Color.’ Teacher Education Quarterly, 177-188. Available at: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ838707 (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Lewis, M. (2008) ‘Self-conscious emotions: Embarrassment, pride, shame, and guilt.’ In: Lewis, M. and Haviland, J.M. (eds.) Handbook of emotions. New York: Guilford Press, 742-756. ISBN: 1606238035.

Marcuse, H. (1964) One dimensional man. Boston: Beacon. ISBN: 080701575X.

McIntosh, P. (1988) White privilege and male privilege: A personal account of coming to see correspondences through work in women’s studies. Wellesley. Wellesley College, Center for Research on Women, 94-105.

Milton, C. (1972) Women in policing. Washington: Police Foundation.

Monteith, M.J., Voils, C.I. and Ashburn-Nardo, L. (2001) ‘Taking a look underground: Detecting, interpreting, and reacting to implicit racial biases.’ Social Cognition, 19, 395-417. Available at: https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/10.1521/soco.19.4.395.20759 (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Narayan, K. (1993) ‘How native is a ‘native’ anthropologist?’ American Anthropologist, 95(3), 671-686. Available at: https://anthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/aa.1993.95.3.02a00070 (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Pendry, L.F., Driscoll, D.M. and Field, S.C.T. (2007) ‘Diversity training: Putting theory into practice.’ Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 80, 27-50. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1348/096317906X118397 (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Pettigrew, T. and Tropp, L. (2000) ‘Does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Recent meta-analytic findings.’ In: Oskamp, S. (ed.) Reducing prejudice and discrimination. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 93-114. ISBN: 0805834826.

Project Implicit (2011) Implicit Association Tests. Available at: https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/iatdetails.html (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Society for Education and Training (2016) Critical Incident Analysis. Available at: https://set.et-foundation.co.uk/professionalism/teaching-resources/critical-incident-analysis/ (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Sue, D.W. (2013) ‘Race talk: the psychology of racial dialogues.’ American Psychologist, 68(8), 663-72. Available at: https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2013-42570-019 (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

The video journal of education (2002) Closing the Achievement Gap. San Francisco: The LPD Video Journal of Education and Teach-Stream.

Stewart, T.L., La Duke, J.R., Bracht, C., Sweet, B.A.M. and Gamarel, K.E. (2003) ‘Do the eyes have it? A program evaluation of Jane Elliott’s Blue eyes/Brown eyes diversity training exercise.’ Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33, 1898-1921. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2003.tb02086.x (Accessed: 11 August 2018).

Tuffour, I. (2018) ‘Reflections of a black African insider researcher.’ Nurse Researcher, 26(3). Available at: https://journals.rcni.com/nurse-researcher/evidence-and-practice/reflections-of-a-black-african-insider-researcher-nr.2018.e1570/abs. (Accessed: 21 January 2018).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21100/compass.v12i1.937

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.