Proctoring to improve teaching practice
Universities organise digital summative assessments in special assessment computer rooms and they conduct strong restrictions on the resources. This policy assures safety and security of assessments but obstructs authentic problem solving where open resources are needed. A digital assessment room is also not a proper solution when students for some reason cannot attend the assessment on campus. We present three scenarios from the science and mathematics teaching practice at the University of Amsterdam in which we have used proctoring to create the flexibility of online exams that was needed. Online remote proctoring of computer screens on the campus and/or students at home enabled (1) more authentic exams by allowing open resources, (2) use of own laptops (BYOD) in a regular lecture room, (3) off campus online exams as a part of an online programme, for example, at home anywhere in the world. We have shown that proctoring is not just a different way to control students using computers, but that it enabled improvement of the quality of learning processes in which summative assessments are an integral part.
Apampa, K.M., Wills, G. and Argles, D., 2009. Towards security goals in summative e-assessment security. Internet Technology and Secured Transactions, ICITST 2009. International Conference for, London, pp.1-5., doi: 10.1109/ICITST.2009.5402505. Available at:
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5402505&isnumber=5402499 [Accessed 5 October 2016].
Biggs, J., 1996. Enhancing teaching through constructive alignment, Higher Education, 32, pp.1-18.
Conole, G. and Warburton, B., 2005. A review of computer‐assisted assessment, Alt-J, 13(1) pp.17-31. doi: 10.1080/0968776042000339772.
Cornock, C., 2016. Teaching mathematics to Business and Enterprise students in a module based around Excel. MSOR Connections, 15(1), pp.22-27. Available at:
https://journals.gre.ac.uk/index.php/msor/article/view/315/pdf [Accessed 13 October 2016].
Fask, A., Englander, F. and Wang, Z., 2014. Do Online Exams Facilitate Cheating? An Experiment Designed to Separate Possible Cheating from the Effect of the Online Test Taking Environment. Journal of Academic Ethics, 12(2), pp.101-112. doi: 10.1007/s10805-014-9207-1.
Heck, A. and Brouwer, N., 2015. Digital assessment-driven examples-based mathematics for computer science students. In N. Amado and S. Carreira (Eds.), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Technology in Mathematics Teaching, pp.403-411. Faro, Portugal: Universidade do Algarve. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/6081 [Accessed 13 October 2016].
Rowe, N.C., 2004. Cheating in online student assessment: Beyond plagiarism. On-Line Journal of Distance Learning Administration, Summer 2004. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10945/36015 [Accessed 5 October 2016].
- There are currently no refbacks.